ଆମ ମଧୁସୁଦନ/ଚିଠିପତ୍ର ଓ ଦଲିଲ୍
|←ମଧୁସୂଦନଙ୍କ କ୍ରାନ୍ତିକାରୀ ଯାତ୍ରାପଥ||ଆମ ମଧୁସୁଦନ ଲେଖକ/କବି:
ଚିଠିପତ୍ର ଓ ଦଲିଲ୍
My dear Gopabandhoo,
I enclose some notes on the economic condition in Orissa. You are at liberty to use them in the best way they can be used. The great thing is to induce the men to change the hue of gravitation of these money.
I am anxious for your health. I have grown desperate and may pass away any day. You are the only person with whom I should like to pray in my death bed.
Take care of your health. Orissa is very unfortunate. If Ashutosh had lived he would have made a magnificent thing of this Tannery.
He was personally attached to me and I have lost more than a brother in him.
I commenced public life single handed and it is natural I made mistakes, but I hope you believe that any thing but country’s interest was my ruling idea.
I am enclosing a letter to the Samaj over my signature and its enclosure is your letter. Please see that they are published.
9th June, 1932
My Dear Rai Saheb,
The Utkal Luminary which illuminated the Indian
Firmament has set, and has gone down the horizon. But an
observer can see the rich colours reflected in the Western sky.
We all wish to see the great luminary rise once more and
give us the dawn of a new national life.
Your have devoted a good deal of your valuable time to
direct the attention of the present generation to the ancient
literature of the nation. The beautiful colours in the Western
sky must be fully appreciated, loved and admired before the
youthful mind is aglow with a desire to see the dawn of a new
The honour conferred on you should have come earlier.
But you are young and I am sure you will receive higher honours
not only from Government but from your nation, who will crown
you with ever green laurels while you live and when you leave
this world, you will receive a crown of life from your creator
for your services to your nation and country.
With best wishes for health, happiness and prosperity.
Yours very Sincerely
ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଭାଷାକୋଷ ପ୍ରଣେତା
ଗୋପାଳ ଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ପ୍ରହରାଜଙ୍କ ନିକଟକୁ ପତ୍ର
Cuttack, B.N. Rly
28th july, 1931
My Dear Gopal,
It is very kind of you indeed to think of my picture in connection with your herculean work which will, as it ought to be
your glorious and priceless gift to the Oriya nation, but I do not
understand how my photo can fittingly have a place in it. Do
you know the best definition of "dirt" ? "Dirt" is matter in the
wrong place. Ink is dirt in your shirt, but it is in right place in a
book where ink is used in printing. There is ink in the letter, but
it is not dirt, but I see a little of it on my finger, then it is dirt.
So, you will see why I do not wish my photograph in the Oriya Webster. But I am surely thankful to you for my good wishes.
IN THE COURT OF THE DISTRICT JUDGE OF CUTTACK
The humble petition of
Madhu Sudan Das of Town Cuttack
Most Respectfully sheweth:
1.That your petitioner resides within the jurisdiction of this
2.That your petitioner has suffered loss and incurred liabilities to the extent of Rs. 1,80,000/- approximately.
3.That the amount and particulars of all pecuniary claims against your petitioner together with the names and residences- so far as they are known to or can by the exercise of reasonable care and diligence be ascertained- are set forth in schedule A annexed herewith.
4.That your petitioner is unable to pay his debts.
5.That in Execution Case No. 87 of 1296 of the Court of Subordinate Judge of Cuttack (in which the petitioner is the judgement debtor and the Executors of Nanda Kumar Bose’s estate are the decree-holders) an order of attachment of petitioner’s properties was made to realise the sum of Rs. 16,436-3-0 and that order is subsisting now.
6.That in Execution Case No. 296 of 1925 in the Court of Subordinate Judge of Cuttack, the petitioner’s residence was sold in auction on 21st October 1925. The petitioner now occupies a part of the house as a tenant, the other part being occupied by the Deputy Registrar of Co-operative Societies.
7.That on 7th March 1927 the auction-purchaser took possession of the Utkal Tannery of which the petitioner was the proprietor.
8. That a general description of the property which your petitioner is in possession of and their approximate value,
the place at which such property is to be found are truly
set forth in a schedule annexed hereto.
9.That your petitioner is willing to place at the disposal of the Court all such property save in so far as it includes such items as are exempted by the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
10.That your petitioner has not on any previous occasion filed any petition to be adjudged an insolvent.
11.That in the circumstances set forth above, your petitioner humbly prays that your petitioner may be adjudged an insolvent under the provision of Act V of 1920 and such orders may be passed as the Court may deem fit and proper. And for this your petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray.
ମଧୁସୂଦନ ଦେବାଳିଆ ହେବାପାଇଁ ଦାଖଲ ହୋଇଥିବା ଆବେଦନର ନକଲ ।
ପାରଳାଖେମଣ୍ଡିର ମହାରାଜା ଶ୍ରୀକୃଷ୍ଣଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଗଜପତି ନାରାୟଣ
ଦେବ ମଧୁବାବୁଙ୍କ ପାଖକୁ ଲେଖିବା ଆଉ ଏକ ଚିଠି
P & O.S.N.Co.
My dear Mr. Das,
I just had a talk with your friend the Chief Justice of Bihar and Orissa. He has nothing but all praise to you and all of us. I am lucky in having on board this steamer my sincere old friends and colleagues that had worked with me in the first round table conference, Sir Henry Gidney M.L.A. and N.M Joshi M.L.A. and the Dewan of Sangli, and glad to say that they are very very sympathetic indeed. As I have got a Memorandum on Paralakimidi printed, dealing with all aspects, I have circulated a copy to each one of them. I have to give one to the chief justice also, whom I find very sympathetic and a great friend of the Oriyas. I hope you have been able to go up to Simla and see your friends. The voyage so far has been very pleasant and comfortable and unlike the other two P & O boats I have travelled by. The food and attention on this one is infinitely better. So much so that all of us feel that one can live without our own food though we have our own cooks here and separate cooking accomodation is available. Until my permanent residence is fixed up, my address in London will be C/o. Thomas Cooke and Sons limited on the imperial Banks of India.
Hope you are feeling fit.With best regards
Sd. K.C. Gajapathi.
ପାରଳାଖେମଣ୍ଡିର ମହାରାଜା ଶ୍ରୀକୃଷ୍ଣଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଗଜପତି ନାରାୟଣ
ଦେବ ମଧୁବାବୁଙ୍କ ପାଖକୁ ଲେଖିବା ଆଉ ଏକ ଚିଠି
My dear Mr. Das,
Many thanks for your note. As I have been rather busy since my return from the West, and now that I am without a Dewan as Mr. Rath has gone on leave, I could not write to you earlier. With all the worst formidable difficulties, I must say, Oriya work was carried to our entire satisfaction and from what we could gather while there and after my return to india. I have every reason to believe that, the boundaries of Orissa as was published in the white paper recommendations will be enlarged and large portions of Jeypore of Vizag District as well as of Paralakimidi and other contiguous parts of this district will be joining in. On my way to Great Britain I had quite a lot to see of the chief justice of Bihar and Orissa and the Philips in London. I hope you will find it convenient to come here when you visit this district next month with the Committee.
With best regards.
Sd. K.C. Gajapathi.
I have not attempted to submit my views before your committee as I am not interested in its work so long as I do not definitely know what the boundaries of Orissa is going to be.
Sd. K.C. Gajapathi.
Extracts of the speeches delivered by
Madhusudan Das in the Central Legislature
Salt is vital
“Salt tax in India has always been considered as a blot on the
fiscal policy of Government of India. Salt is not a luxury. Being
a poor man unable to buy salt, If he takes a little saline dust
(where saline earth is found) he is sent to prison for three to six
months and the man who sends him to prison gets a reward;
whereas if a cow impelled by hunger to trespass on a farm, the
cow is only taken into the pound and not sent to jail. Here is the
enormity of the tax.”
(From his speech delivered on floors on the Central Legislature on 7-31916).
“Government had an exhibition in calcutta to show the industrial products of Germany and Austria which found their way to
India. Austria and Germany have been sucking the blood of
India like the Americans, but while it sucks human blood, actually fans its victim with its wings. It has been discovered that
they are blood suckers.”
(From his speech delivered on floors on the Central Legislature on 21-31916).
Duty of a Legislator
“At a psychological moment like this, if we realise the importance, the far-reaching significance of this resolution and imagine to ourselves that outside this Chamber there are millions
and millions of people of whom it has been said, and sympathetically said, and very often said, that they donot get a full meal twice a day, that their hands are paralysed and frittered, that they are the children and grand children of those very men who were the architects of all the beautiful edifices that we see in India, when we realise these facts and also that in this Council Chamber we have non-official members of India representing the interests of millions, and also official members most of
whom are Englishmen representing the traditions, the history
and the glorious past of England, then I feel, Sir, that this is a
metting, the real significance and far-reaching consequences of
which are very great. It is a pity that we do not like to see one
I suppose, Sir, before the Invention of mirrors, before mirrors were introduced into the world, every woman thought she was the prettiest woman in the world, and every man thought he was the most handsome man in the world. Mirrors soon showed them their real features. Consequently, on occasions like these, psychological mirrors are very much needed. Crimination and recrimination will not bring about that co-operation between government and the people.
(From his speech delivered on the roles to be played by the official and nonofficial members of Central Legislature on 21-3-1916).
On Railway Link
“Inhalation and axhalation are very necessary in human existence. We perform them every moment, and we could not exist for a moment without these processes, and what these processes are to the body, import and export are to a country. With inhalation we take in what we want, and with exhalation we send out what we do not want. So what we want we import; what we do not want we export. Just as a human being can not live with
out these necessary processes, so a country can not prosper without export and import. And not only do railways promote trade,
but they serve the purpose of circulation; and what circulation
of blood is to the system, that railways are to the prosperity and
growth of a country. If the part of the body does not share in the
circulation, of course that part of body suffers from atrophy or
paralysis; so also if the two parts of a country are not connected by the communication, the result is that one part must
(From his speech delivered in the year 1913 in the Central Legislature inploring for laying railway lines in the interior parts of Orissa , connecting Orissa with other parts of the country.)
Annihilation of self
“When a man is a representative, he represent not his wishes,
but the wishes of those, the wants of those, the rights of those,
who elected him as their representative. Very often people when
they get a representation in local bodies or even in a council
chamber seem to lose sight of the fact that as soon as they accept the representative position, there self is annihilated. They
must fight for the rights of others. That is the beginning of selfgovernment. When a man comes in as a representative, first of
all he has to govern himself. He must say to himself; my wish is
nothing, my wants are nothing, my demands are nothing, first
of all, all that is mine must be postponed to what belongs to my
electors, my rights must yield to what is within the rights of
those whom I represent.”
(From his speech delivered on 27-7-1921 in the Bihar Legislative Council on the responsibilities assigned to the elected representatives of the local bodies.)
You ask me to send a line “ for the encouragement and inspiration” of the students.
The development of national consciousness should be the chief object of these conferences. Our students should be taught to distinguish between corporate bodies and a nation. When a number of men form an organised body with a common object to be accomplished, they form an association, a company, a syndicate and even an unlawful assembly to commit an offence. In such cases they draw their inspiration from the common object. Their zeal in the pursuit of their common object is their inspiration from the common object. You know the names of the members of such an association, the date when they first assembled to form their corporate body. A nation cannot be organised. We do not know when a nation was formed. A nation has its history, which is a record of the achievements of the ancestors of the present generation. You cannot create a nation. The chief object of a national gathering is to draw its inspiration from the national history and the achievements of our ancestors. Each student must feel that behind him stand his ancestors, before him are his progeny and his object of life is to connect the past and the future so that the result is a homogeneous whole.
ଜାତି ଇତିହାସ ଜାତିର ନିର୍ଝର, କଳ କଳ ରବେ ଧାଇଁଛି ସେ ଧାର
ତହୁଁ ବହେ ସଦା ଜାତି ପ୍ରାଣଧାର, ଅତୀତ ଗୌରବ ଗାଇ ନିରନ୍ତର ।
ସେ ଧାରରୁ ନୀର ପିଏ ଯେଉଁ ନର, ଭାବୀ ଉନ୍ନତିର ଉଦୟେ ନାଚୁଛିନିଶ୍ଚେ ହେବ ସେହି ଜାତି କର୍ମବୀର, ଯଥା ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରୋଦୟେ ନାଚେ ରତ୍ନାକର ।
I am the first M.A. of the Oriya race, the first Oriya vokil and now the first Oriya Advocate, the first Oriya visitor to Europe, the first Oriya member of the provincial and viceregal Legislative Councils, the first Oriya minister and the first Indian minister to resign office. My race is the most backward and yet the first graduate of no race in India did all I have done. The first graduate of Bengal died a pensioned Duputy Magistrate. I am now in my eightieth year and have been adjudicated an insolvent, but though I am eighty years old, My mission of life today is what it was half a century ago and that mission is to bring Utkal to the notice of the World. Utkal Tannery landed me on insolvency, but it earned for Utkal the admiration of the whole civilised world. Students should aim at elevating Utkal. If the first graduate could do all this, much can be done by succeeding generations, if they realised their responsibility not as individuals but as members of a nation.
Conference meets tomorrow. Objects to determine the duty and line of action of Oriya woman to promote interest of society and Oriya race. I highly appreciate the honour done to me in seeking my advice on this occasion. But I feel incompetent to offer any advice worth the serious consideration of the conference. In Orissa, Man has treated woman as if she had been created to do service to man and God did not assign to her any special duty in composition of nation. The advice of any man is irrelevant. A few women have joined man in political agitation of the day. They serve man in his political ambition. Whther woman serves man in domestic life or political life it is a subordinate position. Both ignore the Divine object in creating women. You should enquire who has made European nations what they are, father or mother and then decide what is your duty and what should be your line of action. May God help you in your deleberation is the sincere prayer of M.S. Das.
ଉତ୍କଳ ସମ୍ମିଳନୀ ଅଧିବେଶନ
|ପ୍ରାକ୍ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୦୩||ଶ୍ୟାମସୁନ୍ଦର ରାଜଗୁରୁ ଓ
|ପ୍ରଥମ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୦୩||ଶ୍ରୀରାମଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଭଞ୍ଜଦେଓ|
|ଦ୍ୱିତୀୟ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୦୪||ମଦନ ମୋହନ ସିଂହ|
|ସ୍ୱତନ୍ତ୍ର ଅିଧବେଶନ||ରମ୍ଭା||୧୯୦୫||ଶ୍ରୀରାମଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଭଞ୍ଜଦେଓ|
|ତୃତୀୟ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବାଲେଶ୍ୱର||୧୯୦୬||କିଶୋରଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ସିଂହଦେଓ|
|ଚତୁର୍ଥ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୦୬||ରାଜେନ୍ଦ୍ରାରାୟଣ ଭଞ୍ଜଦେଓ|
|ପଞ୍ଚମ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ପୁରୀ||୧୯୦୮||ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରଚୂଡ଼ାମଣି ଜଗଦ୍ଦେବ|
|ଷଷ୍ଠ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୦୮||ରାଧାନାଥ ବର୍ମା|
|ସପ୍ତମ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୧୦||ବୈକୁଣ୍ଠାଥ ଦେ|
|ଅଷ୍ଟମ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୧୨||ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରଚୂଡ଼ାମଣି ଜଗଦ୍ଦେବ|
|ନବମ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ପୁରୀ||୧୯୧୩||ମଧୁସୂଦନ ଦାସ|
|ଦଶମ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ପାରଳାଖେମୁଣ୍ଡି||୧୯୧୪||ବିକ୍ରମ ଦେବ ବର୍ମା|
|ଏକାଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ସମ୍ୱଲପୁର||୧୯୧୫||ଲକ୍ଷ୍ମୀନାରାୟଣ ସିଂହ|
|ଦ୍ୱାଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବାଲେଶ୍ୱର||୧୯୧୬||ଶ୍ରୀନିବାସ ରାଜମଣି|
|ତ୍ରୟୋଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୧୭||ଫକୀରମୋହନ ସେନାପତି|
|ସ୍ୱତନ୍ତ୍ର ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୧୮||ମଧୁସୂଦନ ଦାସ|
|ଚତୁର୍ଦ୍ଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୧୯||ଗୋପବନ୍ଧୁ ଦାସ|
|ପଞ୍ଚଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ପୁରୀ||୧୯୧୯||ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରଶେଖର ବେହେରା|
|ଷୋଡ଼ଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ଚକ୍ରଧରପୁର||୧୯୨୦||ଜଗବନ୍ଧୁ ସିଂହ|
|ସପ୍ତଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୨୩||କଳ୍ପତରୁ ଦାସ|
|ଅଷ୍ଟାଦଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୨୪||ଚନ୍ଦ୍ରଶେଖର ବେହେରା|
|ଊନବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||କଟକ||୧୯୨୫||ଭୁବନାନନ୍ଦ ଦାସ|
|ବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୨୯||ଲକ୍ଷ୍ମୀଧର ମହାନ୍ତି|
|ଏକବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୩୦||ଲୋକନାଥ ମିଶ୍ର|
|ଦ୍ୱାବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ଜଳନ୍ତର||୧୯୩୧||ଦାମୋଦର ସାହୁ|
|ସ୍ୱତନ୍ତ୍ର ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୩୨||ଲକ୍ଷ୍ମୀଧର ମହାନ୍ତି|
|ଚତୁର୍ବିଂଶତି ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୩୪||ମଧୁସୂଦନ ପାଣିଗ୍ରାହୀ|
|ଷଡ଼ବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ପୁୂରୀ||୧୯୪୦||ପଣ୍ଡିତ ନୀଳକଣ୍ଠ ଦାସ|
|ସପ୍ତବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୪୪||ଭାଗବତ ଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ଦାସ|
|ଅଷ୍ଟବିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୪୪||ଲକ୍ଷ୍ମୀ ନାରାୟଣ ସାହୁ|
|ଊନତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୪୫||ହରିହର ମିଶ୍ର|
|ତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ପୁରୀ||୧୯୪୬||ଜଗନ୍ନାଥ ରାଜମଣି ରାଜଦେଓ|
|ଏକତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ଜୟପୁର||୧୯୪୬||ରାଧାନାଥ ରଥ|
|ଦ୍ୱାତି୍ରଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୪୭||ବିଶ୍ୱନାଥ ଦାସ|
|ତ୍ରୟତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ମହେନ୍ଦ୍ରଗିରି||୧୯୪୭||ରଘୁନାଥ ରାୟ|
|ଚତୁଃତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ମଞ୍ଜୁଷା||୧୯୫୩||ରାଜେନ୍ଦ୍ର ନାରାୟଣ ସିଂହଦେଓ|
|ପଞ୍ଚତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୫୫||ଗୋଦାବରୀଶ ମିଶ୍ର|
|ଷଷ୍ଠତ୍ରିଂଶ ଅଧିବେଶନ||ବ୍ରହ୍ମପୁର||୧୯୫୯||ପ୍ରାଣକୃଷ୍ଣ ପରିଜା|
୪୦୮ ଆମ ମଧୁସୂଦନ